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Microbiology Objective Questions { Microbiology of Soils }



15. The groups of symbiotic bacteria, which have the ability to fix nitrogen
A.derive their food and minerals from the legume, and in turn they supply the legume with some or all of its nitrogen
B.grow together for a mutual benefit is called symbiosis and so these bacteria are called symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria
C.these bacteria are from the genus, Rhizobium
D.all of the above
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16. Nitrogen oxidation (nitrification)refers to the
A.conversion of ammonium ions into nitrates through the activities of certain bacteria.
B.changing of atmospheric nitrogen (N2) to nitrogen compounds
C.sulfur is oxidized to the sulfate form through Thiobacillus bacteria
D.none of the above
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17. An example of a symbiotic nitrogen fixer is
A.Azotobacter
B.Beijerinckia
C.Clostridium
D.Rhizobium
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18. Which of the following is correct?
A.Mycorrhizae are fungi that form a mutually beneficial (symbiotic) relationship with plant roots
B.The fungi aid in transmitting nutrients and water to the plant roots
C.The increased nutrient availability from mycorrhizae is thought to be due to the additional absorbing surface provided by the fungi
D.All of the above
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19. In the process of nitrogen fixation, which of the following microorganism is involved?
A.Non symbiotic microorganisms only
B.Symbiotic microorganisms only
C.Non symbiotic and symbiotic microorganisms only
D.None of the above
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20. Which of the following statement is not true about composition of biogas?
A.It is composed almost exclusively of methane and carbon dioxide
B.It also contains with traces of H2S, N2, H2and CO
C.It also contains with traces of O2 and Cl2
D.Both (a) and (b)
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21. The physical structure of soil is improved by the accumulation of
A.mold mycelium
B.minerals
C.water
D.all of these
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