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Microbiology Objective Questions { Microbes in Aquatic Environment }

1. The Redfield ratio is an index of concentration of
A.carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
B.nitrogen, potassium and iron
C.carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous
D.carbon, phosphorous and sulfur
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2. Removal of solids is generally considered as a
A.Primary treatment
B.Secondary treatment
C.Tertiary treatment
D.None of these
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3. All of the following species are considered coliforms except
A.Enterobacter aerogenes
B.Klebsiella pneumoniae
C.Salmonella typhi
D.Escherichia coli
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4. The sulfur pearl of Namibia, Thiomargarita namibiensis
A.is the worlds largest bacterium
B.stores high concentrations of nitrate in a huge internal vacuole which takes up 98% of the organisms volume
C.Both (a) and (b)
D.is the worlds smallest bacterium
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5. Chemical precipitation of phosphorus is
A.primary treatment
B.secondary treatment
C.tertiary treatment
D.both (a) and (b)
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6. Which of the following is correct?
A.Ultramicrobacteria or nanobacteria are the dominant bacteria in marine systems
B.Ultramicrobacteria or nanobacteria are so numerous that they are a major food source for heterotrophic flagellates
C.Both (a) and (b)
D.none of the above
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7. Coliforms are used as indicator organisms because
A.they are present wherever enteric pathogens are present
B.a testing procedure with great specificity is easy to perform
C.both (a) and (b)
D.none of the above
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