113. If p is the net upward pressure on a square footing of side b for a square column of side a, the maximum bending moment is given by

114. If q is the punching shear resistance per unit area a, is the side of a square footing for a column of side b, carrying a weight W including the weight of the footing, the depth (D) of the footing from punching shear consideration, is

115. If the diameter oflongitudinal bars of a square column is 16 mm, the diameter of lateral ties should not be less than

116. If the width of the foundation for two equal columns is restricted, the shape of the footing generally adopted, is

117. Based on punching shear consideration, the overall depth of a combined footing under a column A, is

118. In a combined footing for two columns carrying unequal loads, the maximum hogging bending moment occurs at

119. In a combined footing if shear stress does not exceed 5 kg/cm2, the nominal stirrups provided are

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