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Biochemistry Objective Questions {  Water, pH and Macromolecules }

1. Which of the following organic groups are found in naturally occuring amino acids?
A.Guanidinium ion
D.All of these
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2. Polyprotic acids such as H3PO4, can act as acid-base buffers
A.only in combination with polyprotic bases
B.if their concentration is kept low
C.at pH values around neutrality
D.at pH values around any of their pKa's
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3. The pH of a solution is determined by
A.concentration of salt
B.relative concentration of acids and bases
C.dielectric constant of the medium
D.environmental effect
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4. The reactions of molecules
A.reactions of the functional groups
B.are independent of the functional groups
C.require an enzyme in all cases
D.all of the above
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5. Which of the following indicates that the pK of an acid is numerically equal to the pH of the solution when the molar concentration of the acid and its conjugate base are equal?
A.Michaelis-Menten equation
B.Haldanes equation
C.Henderson-Hasselbalch equation
D.Hardy-Windberg law
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6. Molecules in which the atoms are held together by __________ bonds have the strongest chemical linkages.
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7. Salt dissolves well in water as water molecules
A.form hydrogen bonds with the positively and negatively charged ions
B.make nonpolar covalent bonds with the positively charged ions only
C.surround the ions because of their charge but do not form hydrogen bonds
D.share electrons with the ions to make polar covalent bonds
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